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Educating Patients in Kidney Care

Everything you need to know about kidney disease

Refer your patients or sign up for our formal education program (EPIKC) - 295 8999

When you have kidney disease, your kidneys are no longer able to remove waste effectively from your body or balance your fluids. This buildup of wastes can change the chemistry of your body, causing some symptoms you can feel—and others you don’t.


It is important to know that symptoms of chronic kidney disease are often non specific and sings often appear when irreversible damage has already occurred.
These symptoms may include:

  • Nausea and vomiting

  •  Loss of appetite

  •  Fatigue and weakness

  •  ​Sleep problems

  •  Hiccups

  •  Persistent itching

  •  Changes in urine output

  •  Muscle twitches and cramps

  •  ​Decrease in mental sharpness

  •  ​Shortness of breath

  •  ​High blood pressure


Treatment of chronic kidney disease is focused around slowing of the  kidney damage progression by controlling the underlying cause.  Chronic kidney disease can progress to Stage 5 - also known as the End Stage Renal Disease which is fatal without artificial kidney replacement therapy (dialysis) or kidney transplant.


Factors that may increase your risk of chronic kidney disease include:

  • Diabetes type 1 or 2

  • ​High blood pressure

  • Heart disease

  • Smoking

  • ​Obesity

  • High cholesterol

  • Being African, Asian or Native American descent

  • ​Family history of kidney disease

  • Age 65 or older

  • Long term analgesics use


General recommendations for patients with chronic kidney disease are centered around low salt, low potassium and low protein diet. Please talk to your Nephrologist or Renal Dietitian for individualized recommendation.


​Since signs and symptoms of chronic kidney disease are often present at later stages of CKD when kidney damage is irreversible, people with increased risk should be screened routinely by a general practitioner and in many cases  a nephrologist (kidney specialist) to prevent or slow progression of kidney failure.

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